The physical therapy unit at MOSC MEDICAL COLLEGE Hospital is full fledged with various equipments and experienced physical therapists. Here we provide a wide range of rehabilitation services to help patients to regain function and independence following injury or illness. Physical therapy is a health care profession concerned with remediation of impairments and disabilities and promotion of mobility, functional ability, quality of life and movement potential through examination evaluation and physical intervention carried out by physical therapists.
General Medicine & Surgery Rehabilitation
After general surgery, you may have difficulty moving or performing daily activities due to painful incisions or weakness from decreased activity. Physical therapists may help you learn how to modify your movement and daily tasks to minimize pain and reduce recovery time.
Physical therapists evaluate functional mobility and develop exercise programs aimed to increase strength. They may also help you to use a cane or a walker until your pain has decreased and you are stronger.
Any amount of time in the hospital may affect your ability to safely get in and out of bed, move from place to place and take care of yourself. Therapist help to improve their independence by advising exercise .
Following Brain tumors,stroke, spinal cord injury ,brain injury, the patients may experience difficulty in strength, coordination, balance, motor function and sensory processing. Physical therapists will focus to improve these problems and develop an individualized plan of care to increase their independence. Therapist also work on range of motion positioning, education wheelchair mobility, activities of daily living, spinlt fabrication and pressure relief techniques to prevent skin breakdown.
Fracture and trauma patients often sustain critical injuries to multiple parts of the body. Which includes gunshot wounds, motor vehicle crashes, falls, spinal cord injuries, injuries due to assault and crush injuries. Physical therapists will train and educate you how to use assistive devices for mobility, such as walkers, canes or crutches. In addition, they will develop an exercise program focused on regaining strength and range of motion of affected areas.
Physical therapists can work with patients before and after total joint replacement surgeries to help them recover and regain function and mobility after surgery. As a pre-operative class physiotherapists introduce the use of adaptive equipment, assistive devices and functional exercise programs that are designed to speed your recovery and build confidence and independence. Therapists provide training to improve range of motion and strength of the replaced joint and promote activities of daily living, maintaining proper body mechanics..
Cardio Pulmonary Rehabilitation
Pulmonary rehabilitation is an important addition to medical therapy. It benefits people with chronic lung disease including emphysema, chronic bronchitis, asthma, interstitial lung disease and neuromuscular disorders. Physiotherapists aim is to clear the lungs and air ways from secretions and improve volumes and capacities of lungs.
Cardiac rehabilitation focus on to return the patient to normal life by graduated exercise programs following ischaemic heart diseases and cardiothoracic surgeries.
Hand therapist deals with maintaining and improving range of motion and strength of hand following tendon reconstruction nerve reconstruction, hand replantation surgeries and also following trauma and fractures around wrist hand and elbow. Therapist also provide guidance for splinting and serial casting to prevent contractures.
Physical Therapy Treatments
Our physical therapists will develop a treatment plan based upon the results of the assessment and a discussion of your personal goals.
If you are leaving the hospital with the assistance of a family member, friend or caregiver, physical therapists may encourage them to be an active participant in the therapy sessions. This training may include education about your condition, discussing safe ways to help you in the home and community, and teaching you exercise techniques.
If you have a long hospital stay or a chronic medical condition, you may become weak or out of shape due to lack of physical activity. In that case, physical therapists may develop a treatment program with the goal of increasing endurance and exercising safely.
A physical therapist will evaluate your response to exercise by monitoring your vital signs throughout activities like walking, climbing stairs and performing therapeutic exercises. They will then base your treatment plan on the results of the evaluation. Treatment plans often include exercise training, a daily walking program and education about techniques to conserve your energy.
Good balance is necessary to be able to safely walk and move about in the home and the community. For a variety of reasons, such as a neurological event, surgery or a chronic medical condition, you may have difficulty keeping your balance. Physical therapists will use a variety of techniques and exercises to help you regain your sitting and standing balance. Therapists may also provide you with an assistive device, such as a cane or walker, to help you move independently.
After surgery, trauma or prolonged bed rest, you may have difficulty walking independently due to pain, weakness or balance issues. Physical therapists work on strength and balance to improve your ability to walk.
Therapists may use assistive devices such as walkers, canes and crutches to increase your safety and independence while walking. If your doctor gives you any weight bearing restrictions, the physical therapist will teach you how to follow those restrictions while walking in your home and community.
If you require the use of a wheelchair for any length of time, physical therapists will work with you to assess your ability to propel your own wheelchair and navigate around obstacles independently. Your therapist will train you in techniques to maneuver your wheelchair even if you have experienced traumatic events like arm or leg fractures. When necessary, your therapist will also train your family and/or caregiver to assist you.
TENS – Trans-cutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation TENS is part of a treatment plan in order to control pain, and it is used as part of a drug free, non-addictive and non-invasive pain management is not painful or uncomfortable; it feels like a light tingling sensation on the skin when the current is active. The TENS method works by obstructing the transmission of pain messages that get delivered to the brain. It also creates the release of endorphins, which are our body’s natural painkillers.
IFC – Interferential Current IFC is similar to TENS, as it is a form of electrical stimulation. The difference between IFC and TENS is that IFC can reach deeper tissues. IFC helps with treating pain and tissue healing, by transporting electrical currents into the affected area which blocks transmission of pain while stimulating endorphin production. IFC is induced at different frequencies and to most people it feels as gentle as a massage!
Ultrasound is a painless way to stimulate injured tissue and promote faster healing. Ultrasound uses a high frequency sound wave that can penetrate to a localized area to ease and reduce muscle spasms, break up scar tissue and adhesion as well as calcium deposits, reduce inflammation and also increase soft tissue extensibility. Ultrasound is applied directly to the skin and it is a great way to heal soft tissues.
Muscle Stimulator Electrical Muscle Stimulation or electrical stimulation uses a relatively low voltage that targets motor nerves in order to stimulation them. What this does is cause a contraction of the muscle. The muscle then relaxes between shocks and then contracts again when the shock occurs. This constant contracting and relaxing has been used as an effective method to treat various vascular and muscoskeletal conditions. This keeps circulation going and better circulation means oxygen and nutrients can be carried to the muscles much easier.
Moist Heat Moist Heat is a practical modality usually used to aid with muscle spasm or stiff muscles acquired through certain types of injures. It can be applied to various areas of the body. It can also be used in combination with electrotherapy to enhance the healing process. Often moist heat is an excellent first step to allow the body to relax to allow easier manual therapy.
Ice Packs Ice application can help reduce pain and swelling caused by injuries helping you to recover more quickly. It can also be used in combination with electrotherapy.
Laser Therapy Laser Therapy can be applied in order to treat lacerations, soft tissue damage and even bone injuries. Laser therapy creates a chemical reaction in the body, which speeds up the healing process by helping the body to form cells which are involved in tissue healing. Not only does it trigger the body to create new cells, it also provides the new cells a substantial increase in energy, to fuel the process. This in turn further helps to speed up the healing process. An added bonus is the side effect of decreased pain as the body sends more blood into the area providing nutrients to help accelerate the healing process. Laser Therapy is an extremely safe and non-invasive alternative to other treatments, such as cortisone injections or surgery. At Absolute PhysioCare, we use Laser Therapy in order to treat soft tissue and sport related injuries, to help you achieve better health as fast as possible, by stimulating and supporting the body’s natural healing process.
Short Wave Diathermy SWD current is a high frequency alternating current. The heat energy obtained from the wave is used for giving relief to the patient. Effective in Inflammation of Shoulder Joint, Elbow Joint, Cervical Spondylosis, Osteoarthritis, Ligament Sprains in Knee Joints, Low Back Ache, Heel Pain, Sinusitis etc
Cervical cum Lumbar Traction Cervial spinal traction is accepted as effective for short term relief of neck pain. It can relieve muscle spasm and nerve root compression by stretching soft tissues and increasing the spaces between cervical vertebrae.
Lumber traction can relieve pressure on compressed nerves, help muscles relax and reduce muscle spasms. Traction increases the space between vertebrae - reducing pressure on intervertebral discs and nerve root.
Continuous Passive Motion CPM gently moves a surgically repaired joint (knee, shoulder, elbow, etc.) in order to help keep the joint flexible and lubricated. CPM equipment have been proven to:
A patient’s joint, while placed in a Passive Motion Machine, moves in a slow and rhythmic pattern. This gentle passive movement does not engage the patient’s muscles around the repaired site. The continuous motion machine helps to keep the joint flexible and helps to increase the patient’s range of motion, reducing the risk of complications.